A HealthProduction Approachto Bone Health in Kenya


Policy Brief



Principle Instigator
Thomas Mutinda Muthama & Stephen KyaloMutiso


Introduction and Background

Reduced density and quality in bones increase fracture risk, which becomes evident later in life through recognition of osteoporosis which is a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength, pre-disposing to an increased risk of fracture and is a global health problem that affects men as well as women. Shocks are inevitable to everyone everywhere and in the wake of shock of chronic/severe illness like Corona virus (Covid-19) which is infecting and affecting individuals worldwide and countrywide; the response may be negative or positive. The negative responses acts like additional shocks, hence focus will be on the positive responses (good reports) which are meant to counter the shocks and improve individuals and consequently household’s welfare. In some cases covid-19 results to death of a household member, this calls for immediate response to the shock. During the outbreak of corona virus, many individuals have lost their employment and at such a time when loss of salaried employment or non-payment of salary results, individuals may need to respond to the shock positively. A time like this the health care facilities are overstrained with many hospitalizations as a result of day to day increase in the shocks (corona virus) and its associated shocks like loss of employment and death. Likewise, the governments’ curfews have made individuals to experience business failure, limit their movements, reduce physical activity, and change their food and nutrition and as a result may affect their health outcomes.

This policy brief highlights results from a nationwide survey, with an intention of establishing the production of bone health by isolating the effects of response to shocks, and food and nutrition on bone health. It also provides policy options to individualson healthproduction

Project Status